1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer. 1261 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326) Imbolc - the first day of Spring in Ireland (Irish Calendar), one of the eight solar holidays in the Wheel of the Year.
1411 - Peace of Toruń 1411 signed in Toruń, Poland
1662 - The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.
1713 - The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
1788 - Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patent the steamboat.
1790 - In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
1793 - France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
1796 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
1814 - Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano.
1856 - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
1861 - American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States.
1862 - Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" is published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.
1880 - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
1884 - Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
1893 - Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria (West Orange, New Jersey).
1896 - The opera La bohème premieres (Turin).
1897 - Shinhan Bank (former CHB), oldest bank in South Korea, opened in Seoul.
1908 - King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
1913 - New York City's Grand Central Terminal opens as the world's largest train station.
1918 - Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar.
1920 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begin operations.
1924 - United Kingdom recognizes USSR.
1929 - Frenchman Charles Rigoulet is the first weightlifter to lift over 400 pounds (181 kg) in the "clean and jerk" method.
1943 - World War II: Vidkun Quisling is appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi occupiers.
1946 - Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General.
1957 - Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
1958 - Merger of Egypt and Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961.
1960 - Four black students stage a sit-in at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
1965 - Churchill River, Newfoundland - Hamilton River in Labrador renamed Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill.
1968 - Vietnam War: Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem is executed by Nguyen Ngoc Loan a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The execution was videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams and helped sway public opinion against the war.
1968 - Official unification of the three military services of Canada, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, into the united Canadian Armed Forces.
1968 - Merger of the historic New York Central Railroad and Pennsylvania Railroad to form ill-fated Penn Central Transportation.
1969 - Saturday mail delivery in Canada eliminated.
1974 - Joelma Building fire - a fire in a 25-story office building kills 189 and injures 293 in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
1974 - Kuala Lumpur declared a Federal Territory.
1974 - The Doobie Brothers release their album What Were Once Vices Are Now Habits featuring their signature and hit song "Black Water".
1978 - Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl.
1979 - Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter.
1979 - Ayatollah Khomeini is welcomed back into Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
1981 - Trevor Chappell bowls his infamous "Underarm Ball" to Brian McKechnie to prevent New Zealand scoring a 6, and tying the ODI, on the last ball of the third match in the final of the Benson & Hedges World Series Cup. It directly led to the banning of underarm bowling by the International Cricket Council as not within the spirit of the game.
1982 - Senegal and Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia.
1982 - David Letterman begins an 11-year run as the host of the NBC program Late Night with David Letterman.
1989 - The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
1992 - The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case.
1994 - In Portland, Oregon Tonya Harding's ex-husband Jeff Gillooly pleads guilty for his role in attacking figure skater Nancy Kerrigan.
1995 - Manic Street Preachers lyricist Richey James Edwards goes missing from the Embassy Hotel in London, UK.
1996 - The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
2003 - Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
2004 - At least 244 people are trampled to death in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
2004 - Janet Jackson exposes her breast on American television during the half-time show of the Super Bowl, prompting the "Nipplegate" controversy.
2005 - Nepal King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
2005 - Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.
1459 - Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)
1462 - Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)
1552 - Edward Coke, English colonial entrepreneur (d. 1634)
1635 - Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)
1690 - Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1768)
1761 - Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
1801 - Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
1844 - G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (d. 1924)
1859 - Victor Herbert, Irish composer (d. 1924)
1873 - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (d. 1929)
1878 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
1882 - Louis Stephen St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1973)
1884 - Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (d. 1937)
1887 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
1894 - John Ford, American director and producer (d. 1973)
1894 - James P. Johnson, American composer (d. 1955)
1895 - Conn Smythe, Canadian builder of the National Hockey League (d. 1980)
1901 - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
1902 - Langston Hughes American writer (d. 1967)
1904 - S. J. Perelman, American humorist (d. 1979)
1905 - Emilio G. Segrè, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1989)
1906 - Hildegarde, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
1907 - Günter Eich, German lyricist (d. 1972)
1907 - Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (d. 1993)
1908 - George Pál, Hungarian-born director and producer (d. 1980)
1909 - George Beverly Shea, Canadian singer
1915 - Stanley Matthews, English football player (d. 2000)
1918 - Muriel Spark, Scottish author (d. 2006)
1922 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
1926 - Stuart Whitman, American actor
1930 - Shahabuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh
1930 - Mario Beaulieu, Quebec politician (d. 1998)
1931 - Boris Yeltsin, 1st President of the Russian Federation
1931 - Iajuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh
1934 - Bob Shane, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio)
1936 - Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003)
1937 - Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers)
1937 - Garrett Morris, American comedian
1937 - Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show)
1938 - Sherman Hemsley, American comedian and actor
1939 - Claude François, French singer (d. 1978)
1940 - Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996)
1940 - Hervé Filion, Quebec harness racer
1941 - Karl Dall, German television host.
1941 - Jerry Spinelli, Children's Author
1942 - Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer
1944 - Burkhard Ziese, German football manager
1945 - Serge Joyal, French Canadian politician
1947 - Jessica Savitch, American journalist (d. 1983)
1948 - Rick James, American musician and composer (d. 2004)
1948 - Elisabeth Sladen, British actress
1950 - Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer
1953 - Duane Chapman, American TV personality
1954 - Bill Mumy, American actor and musician
1955 - Ernie Camacho, baseball player
1956 - Exene Cervenka, American musician
1956 - Mike Kitchen, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1958 - Jackie Shroff, Indian actor
1961 - Volker Fried, German field hockey player
1962 - José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer
1962 - Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese guitarist
1964 - Linus Roache, English actor
1965 - Sherilyn Fenn, American actress
1965 - Brandon Lee, American actor (d. 1993)
1965 - Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
1965 - Noah Blake, American actor and reality series star
1966 - Michelle Akers, American soccer player
1966 - Rob Lee, English footballer
1968 - Lisa Marie Presley, American singer and actress
1968 - Pauly Shore, American comedian
1968 - Mark Recchi, Canadian ice hockey player
1968 - Kent Mercker, baseball player
1969 - Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine footballer
1969 - Joshua Redman, American musician
1969 - Brian Krause, American actor
1969 - Patrick Wilson, American musician
1971 - Jill Kelly, American pornographic actress
1971 - Ron Welty, American musician
1971 - Zlatko Zahovič, Slovenian footballer
1972 - Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality
1973 - Makiko Ohmoto, Japanese voice actress
1974 - Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist
1974 - David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer
1975 - Big Boi, American musician (Outkast)
1977 - Kevin Kilbane, Irish footballer
1979 - Julie Augustyniak, American soccer player
1979 - Juan Silveira dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
1980 - Héctor Luna, baseball player
1981 - Luis Lamá, Angolan footballer
1982 - Shoaib Malik, Pakistani cricketer
1983 - Kevin Martin, American basketball player
1984 - Darren Fletcher, Scottish footballer
1985 - Dean Shiels, Northern Irish footballer
1985 - Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher
1986 - Lauren Conrad, American TV star
Holidays and observances
The start of Black History Month in the United States.
The start of LGBT History Month in the United Kingdom.
In the Roman Catholic tradition, it is the feast day of St. Brigid who is patron saint of Ireland.
Observed as "national" porridge day by parts of Northern England, but this has been disputed by Southern England in the past.
~ Source: Wikipedia.
1261 - Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)
Imbolc - the first day of Spring in Ireland (Irish Calendar), one of the eight solar holidays in the Wheel of the Year.